Interactive & Emergent Autonomy Lab

Milli Schlafly


I am interested how robots can quickly consider and react to uncertainty in human-robot systems, often arising from inherent human variation. I work with a variety of applications including stroke rehabilitation, human-swarm collaboration, early robotic intervention in catastrophes enabled by improved modeling of human action.


Cyber Physical Systems in Uncertain Environments
Active Perception in Human-Swarm Collaboration
Robot Assisted Rehabilitation


M.S. Mechanical Engineering, University of South Florida, 2018
B.S. Mechanical Engineering, University of South Florida, 2017

Awards and Honors

NSF Graduate Research Fellowship


T.A. for Nonlinear Optimization and Active Learning

Other Interests

Outreach-I started an virtual STEM career series for middle and high school students in the Chicago area entitled "A Day in the Life of a STEM-itist". Check our website!


Measuring interaction bandwidth during physical human-robot collaboration
A. Kalinowska, M. Schlafly, K. Rudy, J. P. Dewald, T. D. Murphey
Robotics and Automation Letters (RAL), 2022. PDF

Shoulder abduction loading affects motor coordination in individuals with chronic stroke, informing targeted rehabilitation
A. Kalinowska, K. Rudy, M. Schlafly, K. Fitzsimons, J. Dewald and T. D. Murphey
IEEE RAS/EMBS Int. Conf. on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics (BioRob), 2020. PDF

Ergodic Specifications for Flexible Swarm Control: From User Commands to Persistent Adaptation
A. Prabhakar, I. Abraham, A. Taylor, M. Schlafly, K. Popovic, G. Diniz, B. Teich, B. Simidchieva, S. Clark, T. D. Murphey
Robotics Science and Systems, 2020. PDF Video

Check out my Google Scholar page for my 9 other publications!